The following paper was presented at the Fifth International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems (CASYS'01), Liège, Belgium, August 13-18, 2001.  Reference to the figures have been left in but the actual figures have not been included here.
QuantaGraphy®: Images from the Quantum Hologram


M. Sue Benford, Peter Moscow, Edgar Mitchell and Peter Marcer

    It is accepted knowledge, that all substances and all parts of the human organism exhibit unique, spectral signatures and patterns such as fingerprints, form, etc. Much less well appreciated (and dealt with separately in an accompanying paper at this symposium) is the fact that all such spectra and patterns, in principle, concern quantum mechanically determined material phase transitions points. In the neighborhood of these phase transition points, as the Nobel Laureate Kenneth Wilson has shown, the earlier assumption of Landau that quantum mechanics only concerns atomic scales, is false in fewer than four dimensions. In light of this, the work in Radionics of the George DelaWarr camera from the decades of 1940-60, is re-examined (a) with modern technology and (b) in the context of recent discoveries in quantum science. In particular, the dependence of the functioning of this extra-ordinary camera system on its human operator and other remarkable factors are discussed in terms of quantum mechanical principles.
    The results of thorough spectral analysis with an electron microscope and image analysis software of representative photographic plates from the large collection produced by DelaWarr, clearly show three dimensional spatial encoding of information, suggestive of holographic processing. The discovery and development of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), decades later, for which quantum holography is a mathematical foundation, thus provides a posteriori theory to possibly explain the DelaWarr results. Particularly as the camera images produced by DelaWarr are evaluated as equivalent to, and in some cases superior to those produced by MRI. The theoretical and experimental implications of the DelaWarr camera constituting a macro-scale quantum phenomenon like MRI are discussed in some detail.
QuantaGraphy® is the registered trademark of this process for creation of both 2-D QuantaGraph® and 3-D QuantaGram® images.

Keywords: quantum science, the George DelaWarr camera, magnetic resonance imaging,  Radionics, remote imaging 

    A plethora of psi and alternative healing research has demonstrated the existence of macro-scale "non-local" phenomena. Even so, two crucial barriers remain challenging these findings:
(i) a generalized theory sufficient to describe a mechanism for the non-local nature of such observed macro-effects and (ii) empirical evidence that non-locality exists among macro-scale physical objects. This paper will present compelling evidence for both, as well as a detailed history, related to the recently revitalized fifty-year old DelaWarr imaging camera, extensively used in the 1950s in such alternative remote healing research.
    Many thousands of frames previously taken by this camera still exist. Thought by DelaWarr and his coworkers to contain only 2D photographic images, a re-examination of the film frames using modern technology, remarkably reveals them to have spatially-encoded characteristics able to yield 3D images, in line with a quantum mechanical non local explanation, quantum holography (QH). In fact it was this observation that prompted one of the authors Benford [2000] to successfully render numerous 3D images from the DelaWarr 2D image archive. It led to the acceptance of radionic photography as a bonafide QH manifestation by another, Mitchell. The process by which DelaWarr created these images has been named QuantaGraphy®. It is therefore possible to posit a highly-plausible connection between the image formation processes inherent in QuantaGraphy® and those of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), for which Schempp's quantum holography provides a mathematical foundation [1992].

    This correlation between the two techniques would, if fully proven, require redefining existing presuppositions underlying the materialist/reductionist philosophy of nature, as well as expanding long-held beliefs of the availability of reproducible information from the quantum field. It shows, that under the right conditions, which future research will attempt to determine, that quantum mechanics, as shown by Schempp's mathematical foundations of QH [1992] and MRI [1998], and as independently recently argued by Chapline[1999], is in fact, a physical theory of 3D pattern recognition, signal processing and communication. A further step is the realization [Marcer et al this conference] that the physical processes of QH constitute a means to implement the mathematical lattice rescaling procedure P fundamental to Wilson's renormalization group methodology for the calculation of critical phenomena [1983, Anderson 1982]. For under these circumstances, as Wilson showed, the assumption that quantum effects only concern atomic scales, can be false in fewer than four dimensions.
The Background to Radionics and Remote Imaging
    Radionics is a derivative from two words: "Radi" from Radiation and "Onics" from Electronics. It refers to the idea that all discrete matter radiates unique energy signatures or patterns, which are measurable and manipulatable with proper technology. Radionic photography, now termed QuantaGraphy® for the application of concern in this paper, owes it's origin to the development of Radionic medicine, which began in the early 20th century with Dr. Albert Abrams. To understand fully the nature of this unique remote imaging system it is important to know the history of how the technology developed.
    Dr. Albert Abrams (1863-1924) was born in San Francisco into a wealthy merchant family. He was an outstanding individual who devoted his life and considerable fortune to medical research. He completed an M.D. and M.A. with first-class honors and was awarded the Gold Medal from the University Of Heidelberg in Germany. He did extensive post graduate work throughout Europe and worked with renowned researchers Virchow, Frerichs, Von Helmholtz and Wasserman.
Returning to California, Abrams became a fellow of the American Medical Association (AMA) and Professor of Pathology and finally Director of Clinical Medicine at Stanford University.
He specialized in diseases of the nervous system and authored twelve books. One of his works on spinal reflexes ran through 5 editions in 4 years. He was an important figure in the development of the art and science of Percussion which is germane to the discovery of what eventually became known as Radionics.
    His discovery is detailed in his book New Concepts in Diagnosis and Disease [1924]. During a routine examination of a middle-aged male with an epithelioma on his lip, Abrams percussed the abdomen of the subject to define the border of the stomach. To his amazement he heard a dull and thick tone instead of the normal hollow sound he was expecting. Perplexed, he palpated the patient's sto  mach to see if a tumor was present but none could be found. He persisted with his percussion techniques and discovered that the dull note only manifested when the subject was in certain spatial orientations, otherwise, the note was normal. Moreover, the note was detectable only at a specific point on the patient's abdomen above the navel.
    Intrigued by this phenomenon, Abrams tested other cancer patients with the same end result. Subsequently, he tested healthy subjects with a small biopsies sample of disease tissue attached or connected to their bodies and was able to obtain the abnormal abdominal tones.
He reasoned that disease emanated a specific form of radiating energy that affected the entire nervous system. Furthermore, he constructed an apparatus with a variable electrical resistance to measure "disease patterns". This enabled him to distinguish one disease from another. For example, cancer could be measured at 50 ohms and syphilis reacted at 55 ohms. With further research, Abrams was able to create equipment that eliminated the need for the subject to be present while the detection process went on. Instead, a blood sample from the subject was used and the "radiations" from the sample were measured. Abrams also developed treatment devices, which used weak electromagnetic energy modified by the disease treatment patterns, or "rates," as they came to be known. These features of Abrams' findings could, the authors presage, concern non-local quantum gauge field effects, as has be shown to be the case, for example, in relation to the DNA-wave biocomputer [Gariaev et al 2001].
    The Electronic Reactions of Abrams became famous and at least 3000 physicians, chiropractors and osteopaths from the USA and Europe learned how to use his equipment and techniques.
In 1924 Sir Thomas Horder (later Lord Horder) set up an investigation, in the UK, of the Abrams diagnostic claims and concluded reluctantly that the Abrams instrument and techniques were valid. The odds against chance in the tests conducted were calculated at 33,554,432 to 1.
Abrams was invited to demonstrate his techniques before the AMA but he died before he could do so.
    Following Abrams death numerous individuals in Europe and the United States continued radionic research in the 1920s and 1930s, attempting to improve the technology and theraputic effectiveness of Abram´s work. None, however, were able to produce diagnostic or theraputic protocols sufficiently replicable to withstand scientific and medical peer review of the period; in particular, the anomalous phenomena being observed, though occasionally tested under rigorous conditions, simply would not yield to explanation within then accepted theory. However several decades have now elapsed while quantum theory matured to its present state, such that new knowledge has, in particular, has been acquired in relation to quantum non-locality and teleportation of quantum states. The hypothesis, that these remarkable manifestations of nature could  provide a propre scientific explanation can therefore be posited.
    The British engineer George DelaWarr, and his wife Marjorie, however, whose work forms the basis of this paper took radionics into a long period of intense and very productive research. The DelaWarr Laboratories in Oxford UK were founded in the 1940s and were active until the beginning of the 1990s. George DelaWarr was the first scientist to fully recognize that the mind of the operator could be fundamental to the whole process of radionics, a fact only suggested but not pursued by the new science of quantum mechanics. He defined radionics as the, "Science of the inter-action between Mind and Matter and of the complete inter-relationship of all things."
    DelaWarr's research led him to understand that the instruments, which had formerly been made from old fashioned electrical components, needed to be reconstructed using electronics and dials which could be calibrated to reflect the nature of sound and resonance  [Manual Of Practice, 1966, DelaWarr Laboratories; a brief  summary setting out the operation of the DelaWarr Camera is given in Appendix I] . He introduced magnets into his instruments which seemed to improve the link between the operator, subject and equipment. His theories and key experiments are listed in the books, New Worlds beyond the Atom,[1956] and Matter in the Making [1966]. In these works the evolution of the camera for diagnostic use is detailed. Unlike previous machines the DelaWarr Camera was non-electrical in nature and was composed of components of standard diagnostic and treatment instruments along with a light tight chamber and various optical focusing devices.
This camera system, from which a number of different models evolved, was successful at producing over 13,000 black and white photographic images, with over 9,000 still in the archive today. Many of these images deal with medical conditions while others cover experiments with water imprinting, the location of minerals and the detection of what were termed "fundamental rays" emanating from the primary elements and compound molecules such as hydrogen, iodine, copper sulfate and so forth.
The Camera was capable of replicating photos and consistent performance, when used correctly. It took the skills of a trained operator to make it function effectively. After 1963 the camera was not in use for a variety of reasons, mostly due to lack of acceptance by the scientific establishment. However, in 1996 a team of researchers, lead by one of the authors (Moscow) from the USA and the UK were able to successfully activate the system again. Currently, the full restoration and use of the camera is now in the hands of an experimental team in the UK.
Composition of the Camera Images
    In the 1950s when DelaWarr created most of his images, science was highly skeptical of the origin of his creations and, further, incapable, at that time, of discerning their true nature could have a proper scientific explanation, as quantum science was still immature. Several accusations were leveled at DelaWarr involving fraud and deceit in the image formation process. The more typical allegations included some type of additive to the plate, such as an artist's pigment, dye, paint or other process like an X-ray, etching, or chemical compound. In attempting to respond to his critics, DelaWarr asserted that the images were not the result of any type of human intervention but, rather, were created when some "unidentified fundamental radiation" interacting with the photoemulsion (a standard silver compound) applied to the surface of the 4x5 inch glass plates he used.
    In order to test the validity of DelaWarr's claims with modern knowlege and technologies, experiments were conducted at The Ohio State University Microscopic and Chemical Analysis Research Center (MARC Lab) on April 19, 2000 to determine the origin and composition of the image(s) on the glass plates. In the first phase of the evaluation, two glass plates from the DelaWarr archive were examined under a Carl Zeiss light photoscope with 6.3 multiplier using a variety of amplification settings. The results demonstrated that the silver grains on the surface of the glass plate were bigger in the darker, i.e. more heavily exposed areas of the image and, subsequently, smaller in the lighter or less intense portions of the image. This is the typical response of a standard photographic material exposed to any light source. No added pigment, dye, stain or coloration was noted beyond the silver particles.
    Phase two of the evaluation involved scraping a sample from the non-image section of the glass plate to determine the chemical composition of the plate itself. The Camera SX-50 Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used for this analysis. SEM is capable of performing quantitative chemical microanalysis of major and minor elements in solids including glass. It is ideal for characterization of surfaces or particles including thin films. The results of this analysis (Graph 1) demonstrated that the glass was a standard silicon-based material with no unusual properties.
Phase three included scraping a sample from the image portion of the glass plate. Using the same equipment and procedure as for the non-image sample described above, the SEM results revealed a standard silver-based photo emulsion as described by DelaWarr (Graph 2). No other pigments and/or proportionately significant chemicals were identified via the SEM analysis. The MARC Lab concluded that the images were, most likely, the result of some "high-energy radiation" for which they could not ascertain the origin or composition.
    Benford followed up this up and analyzed sample plates with modern image analysis software, discovering that 3-D encoding seemed to be present. After Benford's initial 1999 discovery of the 3-D spatial-encoding characteristics within the DelaWarr images, further research involving Mitchell's profound paper, "Nature's Mind," led her to suspect that DelaWarr was, in fact, dealing with was the Quantum Hologram. Her introduction of this concept to Mitchell led him to concur with this conclusion. The DelaWarr images produce a 3-D effect, similar to those possible via layering of single slices from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques [Schempp 1998].
    The VP-Image Analyzer is an analog device, while the commercially-available Bryce4® Software is digital. Both techniques convert image density (lights and darks) into vertical relief (shadows and highlights). When using either the VP-8 or 3-D software systems, an ordinary photograph does not result in a three-dimensional image but in a rather distorted jumble of "shapes."  X-ray images, although spatially superior to routine photographs, are also characteristically distorted (see Figure 2). Yet the images (see Figure 1A) produced by DelaWarr yield very accurate and well-formed three-dimensional reliefs, as is clearly evident in the QuantaGram® of a cow's stomach (see Figure 1B). The observer can select numerous angles by which to review the captured information as well as multiple 3-D relief patterns. Full rotation around the organ and/or object is possible with the digital computer software, thus permitting significantly enhanced visual assessment.
    Most convincing of the true holographic nature of these images is the fact that certain information about the object is only available on the 3-D reconstruction and not in the original image produced by DelaWarr. For instance, in the QuantaGraph® of the cow's stomach (Figure 1A), the curvature of the wire lodged in the stomach is represented as a highlighted straight line. However, upon analysis of the 3-D image (Figure 1B), the distinct "two bump" curvature of the wire is clearly delineated. It is crucial to note that the original VP-8 analog technology (developed for use with NASA's space exploration program) needed to decode the spatial information in the 2-D images was not created until 1976. Clearly, DelaWarr, whose first book was published in 1956, could not have knowingly produced 3-D spatial encoding in the undecipherable photographic images of that period.
Comparison between QuantaGraphyTM and MRI
    MRI is one of the most advanced diagnostic imaging systems available today. MRI images are formed by the combination of a strong magnetic field and radio waves interacting with, primarily, the hydrogen protons in the body. Patients are enclosed in a magnetic field created by a large magnet, which causes the spinning nuclei of hydrogen atoms within the body to change their axes of rotation. Altering the magnetic field by sending radio waves through it further affects the behavior of the hydrogen protons by causing them to move out of alignment. When the radio signal stops, the protons relax back into alignment and release energy. These changes in excitation and relaxation are recorded by receivers (antenna coils), then mathematically reconstructed by a sophisticated computer into spatially-encoded two and three-dimensional pictures of the body (16) (see Figure 4A).
     In June of 2000, a blinded evaluation was conducted of several 3-D reconstructions from the original DelaWarr images. The review was done by Dr. Philip Morse, MRI expert and Professor of Chemistry at Illinois State University (USA) and resulted in several important findings. Believing that what he was examining were computer-generated MRI-related renderings, Morse commented, "What it looks like you've done is generate a 3-D image using intensity data as the third dimension with some shading (that is, any given point is represented by X, Y, Z = intensity). Intensity . . . the "bones" in the fetus picture are clearly NOT on the surface of the fetus, but are interior. . . To get actual 3-D information would require multiple images from different angles and a more complex reconstruction algorithm. It can be done from, for example, MRI slices. . . You have some great images!!!"
    In attempting to explain the DelaWarr images in terms of the principles of MRI, Morse used the cow's stomach image. He commented, "The object is one dimension (wire), so bends will be reflected in the intensity differences depending on the amount of other material surrounding it. The 2-D image actually encodes the spatial distribution of the object because it is only one-dimensional in the first place, so position (location in the stomach) could be encoded by intensity. . . I'd need to see your (computer) code to figure out what you are doing. I don't see any need at the moment to postulate anything other than graphical manipulation (in the most positive sense) to generate the images you produced. However, if you are using some other method to obtain the image, then..... THAT is interesting!" Clearly, the images easily passed muster as excellent, if not superior, reconstructions of some type of "MRI" imaging (see Table 1: Comparative Features). Undeniably, no computer code or MRI slice compilation was used in capturing, or rendering, any of the DelaWarr images.
Table 1: Comparative Features of MRI and QuantaGraphy®
Feature           Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) (1)       DelaWarr Images (2) (QuantaGraphy®)

Probe engaging                   Low-energy photon                                   Unknown energy source;
object/subject        in the form of  radio frequencies (r.f.)                      possible quantum holographic encoding

Source                   Magnet (NMR) or Paramagnet (EPR),                    Bar magnet, vibration generator, antenna, and intentionality
of energy               r.f. transmitter, and antenna coil                            (thought-waves of unknown frequencies and composition)

Interaction            Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of water                     Interaction exclusive with quantum hologram radiated from
in body and                         protons in body;                                        "test object" linked to subject being imaged
/or quantum field        Electron Paramagnetic Resonance 
                                         of free radicals

Detected/Imaged by     Antenna coil, r.f. receiver                                 Antenna coils, photosensitive emulsions

Tissue characteristics    Water-proton spin relaxations rate                  Existence of frequency specific attributes in quantum field
causing contrast        or free radical spin response rate for EPR              reflecting physical characteristics; spin response rate(?)

Soft tissue contrast          High; spatial encoding                                    High; spatial encoding          
compared to X-ray
(without contrast agent)

Resolution                             Good                                                         Excellent
Shows Anatomy                    Both                                                                   Both
and/or Physiology

Visible light required               No                                                            No, subject/object encased in dark
to produce images?
(1)          Wolbarst AB. Looking Within. Univ. of California Press, Los Angeles, 1999;171.
(2)          Day L. (with DelaWarr G.). New Worlds Beyond the Atom. Vincent Stuart Publishers Ltd., London, 1956.
The Functioning of the Camera System.
    The camera system consists of a trained operator, a receptical for the test object, a control panel to adjust and ¨tune¨ the system, and a light tight compartment for the photographic plate [see Appendix I for further detail of the Camera's operational procedures] The need is, however, is to explain the most remarkable aspects of QuantaGraphs® experimentally demonstrated by DelaWarr in his creation of unique reproducible images for simple minerals, tissue, organs and organisms as already described above. The evidence presented above strongly suggests, in our view, clear parallels with the quantum holographic operation of MRI, which concerns the nonlocal quantum coherent holographic properties of matter [Binz,Schempp 2000a; 2000b] not formalized in quantum theory until the present period. DelaWarr's work would then presage and support the later discovery: -(a) that there exists in nature a nonlocal quantum holographic representation of macro-scale objects.
(b) that each substance possesses its own unique and distinguishable characteristics,.
(c) that spatially encoded holographic information can be "recorded" as in the case of the QuantaGraphs®, on a photographic emulsion, or indeed, as evidenced from the medical work of Abrams, on physical or biological objects, and
(d) that, as with MRI, the precondition for production of a 2-D brain/body slice image, or as in Magnetic resonance microscopy a 3-D one, is one of phase-conjugate-adaptive-resonance [Schempp1992]. That is, to say, both in the Radionics of Abrams, and of DelaWarr, the brain/mind (of the physician or respectively that of the camera operator) is able "recognize" the point of resonance, which signifies the desired spectral signature, or image being sought, which corresponds to a quantum gauge condition. That is, the physician's or operator's brain/mind and sensory apparatii act as quantum holographic transducers [Schempp 1992; Marcer,Schempp 1996; Marcer,Mitchell 2000] in order to perform what is, in effect, a quantum holographic measurement. Noting that such quantum holographic measurements may indeed apply to any kind of physical field, electromagnetic, acoustic, etc; such as, in the case of Abrams, the acoustic and tactile percussing of the stomach of his patient.
Items (a), (b), (c) and (d) immediately bring to mind, what in quantum theory Bohm and Hiley have called the quantum potential Q [Bohm,Hiley1993]. This is derived directly from the Schrodinger equation, when the wave function is written in the form  Rexp{iS/h} so that
dS/dt + [{VS}^2]2m + C +Q = 0  where Q =  h^2{ V^2R/R}/2m
(needs conventional mathematical symbols -d/dt is the partial derivative, S is the action, h is Planck's constant, m is a mass, C is the classical potential, and V is the operator written in standard notation as the greek delta)
    This first equation can then be compared directly with the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of classical mechanics, where there is no Q-term. This describes an ensemble of classical trajectories. The quantum potential Q is thus one description for a new kind of energy (which others attribute to the zero point field or quantum ether), that therefore only appears in quantum descriptions of phenomena such as quantum gauge fields. This difference between classical and quantum mechanics, concerns, what Feynman called the essential mystery of the quantum mechanics, quantum non-locality. For example, that described in EPR correlations, the existence of which was first disputed in the 1930's in a famous paper by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR), but much later experimentally confirmed by Aspect et al, in 1982, following earlier theoretical work by John Bell. Another later example is that of quantum teleportation [Sudbery, 1997]. The existence of this even more remarkable manifestation of quantum non-locality was first proposed in 1993 by the IBM physicist Charles Bennett and others, but again was only experimentally demonstrated in 1997 by two groups working independently. These experiments proved that the quantum properties of photon polarization or of the spin of particles, can be used, subject to specific controls, to transmit quantum information instantaneously between two laboratories independent of their location in space-time, the separation of which can again, as in the Aspect experiment, be made so large, that any possibility of conventional signal transfer to duplicate the result is made impossible. In brief, the quantum communication channel for teleportation T consisted of a pair of entangled particles, one held by a sender, now traditionally called Alice and one by a receiver, called Bob. Entanglement is the resource of the invisible purely quantum mechanical connection between Alice and Bob, which, in this case, makes teleportation possible. A third party Carole, then gives Alice another particle, whose state, constituting the message, is to be communicated to Bob. Quantum mechanics, however, decrees that Alice cannot simply read this message and transmit the information by a conventional channel. Instead, she measures a joint property of the message particle and of T, so that the entanglement instantaneously causes a related change in Bob's particle. This is the quantum part of the information transfer. The classical part is the result of Alice's measurement, which she must now transfer via a conventional channel to Bob. It tells Bob, what operation he must perform to make a perfect copy of the message. The evidence from Radionics, therefore, suggests that the DelaWarr camera could employ quantum teleportation and utilizes both quantum and conventional information channels in regard to its operation, such that (a) the test object contains the message, and (b) the photographic plate is exposed to the new kind of energy attributable to the quantum potential Q or quantum ether. This would then explain why the camera  and DelaWarr operator (and the phenomena observed by Abrams), constituting a regime of quantum measurement, do not correspond to those of the conventional classical measurement paradigm, where measurements are always, with care, totally repeatable.
Teleportation and the quantum potential also confirm one of Bohr's deepest quantum mechanical insights that (quantum) measurements must take into account the whole experimental arrangement, since such arrangements must be considered as a single non-separable object (such as in teleportation, Carole and the entangled pair Alice/ Bob are), and as the operator, the test object and the DelaWarr camera are, in accordance with both, the experimental operational evidence and it's posited quantum holographic measurement functioning.

Further Links to Quantum Holography
     The theories of a holographically-based universe were originally championed by two of the world's most eminent thinkers: physicist David Bohm, a protégé of Einstein's, and Karl Pribram, a highly-respected neurophysiologist from Stanford University, who was also the first to proposed a quantum holographic model of the brain [Pribram 1991]. Their holographic models first received experimental support in 1982 when a research team, led by physicist Alain Aspect in Paris, already mentioned, can be said to have demonstrated that the web of atomic particles that compose our physical universe possesses what appears to be an undeniable "holographic" property. Further, to quote Sudbery [1997], "Quantum teleportation is a striking application of the holistic nature of the physical world revealed by quantum mechanics"
     Holograms have a property called "distributedness," which means that any fractional portion of the recorded hologram contains sufficient information to reconstruct the complete original 3-D information pattern, up to some degree of resolution of the whole image. Consequently, it can be posited that the blood, sputum, hair and other small subsets of a subject (as utilized by DelaWarr) constituting such fractional portions of living objects, possess the similar but now non local quantum mechanical holographic property of distributedness of the whole organism, and manifests itself  as a universal holographic biophysical (mitogenic) radiation [Gariaev et al 2001]. 
     A hypothesis in full accord with Schempp's quantum holographic, mathematical foundations of MRI , which describe the production of 2-D brain and body slice images, and in the related medical field of MR microscopy, 3-D imagery see In such machinery, which employs quantum teleportation so as to work [Binz,Schempp 1999], the quantum holograms so produced, do indeed consist of radiated diffraction patterns, where the holographic property of distributedness, now applies relative to a hologram plane about a resonance peak. That is, to say, such quantum holograms concern a definite orientation, both to be detectable and to be decodable, a fact highly relevant to both the diagnostic perscussive observations of Abrams, and to those of DelaWarr. There is therefore strong but not conclusive evidence that QuantaGraphy® works by the same principles as MRI, ie quantum holography. It will, of course, be objected by those who take the view that quantum mechanical effects (such as teleportation, etc) only operate at the atomic level, that this cannot be the case. However, as already cited, two of the co-authors of this paper Marcer and Mitchell, are co-authors of another paper [ Marcer et al, this conference], "Self-reference, the dimensionality and scale of quantum mechanical effects, critical phenomena and qualia" together with Dubois and Schempp. This paper, following the work of the 1982 Nobel Laureate, Kenneth Wilson, describes the specific circumstances (also applicable to MRI), under which quantum mechanical effects, normally thought of as confined to the atomic scale, can in 3+1 space-time dimensions or lower, operate on scales up to the cosmological. All objects in such a cosmos (which would manifest itself as such an unstable critical phenomenon)[Marcer, 2001; Marcer et al, this conference] are therefore quantum mechanical objects, describable by a quantum state vector, possessing observable gauge invariant phases [Resta 1997] known as the geometric phase [Berry 1989] of the corresponding quantum field, and where phase as in classical holography is the essential quantity of physical significance. Furthermore, quantum holography is generalised holography applying to any kind of physical field, acoustic, electromagnetic, even perhaps gravitational, etc, where the condition for a detectable signal is phase-conjugate-adaptive-resonance [Marcer and Mitchell 2000]. That is, to say there exists coincident with each object, a virtual object image, which quantum mechanics shows can possess a geometric phase or observable gauge invariant phases, and which in quantum holography will be a quantum holographic pattern entirely characteristic of the object in question.
    The known evidence, with respect to the quantum potential, quantum teleportation, and quantum holography (which all indicate that these phenomena are not subject to any know theoretical limits as to the extent and scale over which they might operate) is all therefore in remarkable agreement with DelaWarr's findings and the operation of his camera by QuantaGraphy®. Further DelaWarr's findings in their turn confirm the fundamental thesis of the paper "Self-reference, ...." that we live in a quantum universe, and are ourselves, quantum objects, as is required in regard to the evidence concerning the operation of the DelaWarr camera.
    It therefore, seems, in our view, that there is almost irrefutable evidence, some of which is presented here, that the potential benefits, which the DelaWarr camera and Radionics could now bring to medical science, warrant a much fuller investigation, and must no longer be dismissed out of hand as fraudulent by the scientific and medical establishments as was the case in the past. In particular, these investigations should give fullest consideration to the fundamental considerations set out below.
Conclusion - Fundamental considerations
     Radionics is an extension of Radiesthesia, which is probably as old as civilization. The use of dowsing for water [ or oil by major oil companies] is a simple example in common use. Radionics moves beyond radiesthesia in that it provides instrumentation to measure objective targets with greater precision. It also supplies a means of creating an energetic/informational instrumental bridge between the subject, (which can be a human, animal, plant or inanimate matter) and the practitioner, so as to facilitate the "tuning" of her/his perceptive faculties.
Of particular significance, and warranting extensive scientific investigation is the use of the operator's mind, since this appears essential in detecting the patterns of information in the subject. Here, for example, corrections to the operation can be stimulated by energetic/informational exchanges between the operator and the subject. The use of instruments also facilitates this interaction. In a recent European study [Rauer,2000] a variety of distant healing modalities were studied. Radionics produced twice the effect of any other modality. This would seem to indicate that instrumented Radionic healing is efficacious. It can therefore be presumed that the Human Brain/Mind/Consciousness (BMC) complex [Marcer,Mitchell 2000] is a necessary a priori concept to explain the phenomena of Radionics and QuantaGraphy®. An epiphenomenological understanding of the Brain-Mind link is clearly inadequate to explain the results of researchers and practitioners. Only the presumption of a universal field, like the quantum potential, with which individual BMC complexes are connected, can provide the basis for an explanatory model that does justice to the facts of the situation.
     The prerequisite need for human intention/anticipation as part of the BMC modeling also seems vital. Without that component it is unlikely that any of the images would have been produced. The difficulty lies in defining "intentionality" as well as agreeing on a method to measure or control such an intangible, although the work at this conference on anticipation could provide, the authors believe, many clues.
    All the evidence indicates that the BMC matrix of a human being obviously "captures" or "resonates" with the target information which it seeks by either sensory contact with the subject or an icon sufficiently representing the subject, so to permit resonance and their quantum entanglement/coherence. The transduction of that information is what appears to take place quantum holographically when the emulsion plates or other photo media are imprinted during a typical imaging session.
    Fifty-years ago the remarkable images produced were considered dramatic enough as they were. No computers or software existed that could determine the "hidden" qualities of the pictures. Two researchers Malcolm Rae (1970s) and Jon Monroe (1980s) produced radionic instruments that reflected their understanding of Radionic "rates" as spatially-encoded informational patterns. De la Warr, Vogel, Di Pinto and Moscow all stated and believed that the emulsion plates contained three-dimensional structures within the photographs; however, this information was merely conjecture until Benford [1999] revealed the underlying multi-dimensional nature of the images.
    The a posteriori discovery of the images as spatially encoded (as compared to "regular" photographs), which can only be obtained with a trained operator, establishes the possibility that the BMC complex is  involved in the transduction process. On the basis of relevance alone it can be adduced that the human brain creates holographic images from the visual (and other sensory data) experienced on an empirical basis. It seems likely that it (the brain) must of necessity produce that which it can understand; thus, multi-dimensional images, or at least good quality two-dimensional structures, which it can partially extrapolate into acceptable pictures. The transfer of mental pictures to a visual format would be unusual enough, given the vast archive that exists, but the information produced is clearly evidentiary of objective and true targeting (see Cow's Stomach QuantaGraph® and QauntaGram®).
    While there is every good reason to view the DelaWarr Remote Images as reflections of an objective physical field, it must be stated that other components appear to be present. It appears that the images are being viewed from the perspective of the formative (morphogenetic) fields so that the viewer can see the bio-energetic structure of the diseases as well as the physical organ systems in which they are grounding themselves. Not all images display this information clearly but some do and, therefore, any interpretive model must ultimately be able to reflect this aspect of the phenomenology.
    To posit a full theory of operation of the system, a number of questions must be fully examined: 1) What is the relationship between the test object and the subject? 2) How does the test object carry and transfer the complete information of the subject? 3) How is this information optically obtained by the DelaWarr system? The proposed theory is that the test object is a specimen from the subject that emits a complete quantum hologram, representative of the subject for the condition tested, and that such hologram represents quantum entanglement/coherence with the subject. That the quantum hologram can be caused to affect the optical part of this system through mediation of the operator´s focused intention; such mediation creating resonance, entanglement/coherence of the entire system, and, under the right conditions, produce a holographic-like image.
    To make a standard hologram, two optical waves are needed: a reference wave and an object wave. These two waves make a 3-D holographic image by creating an interference pattern frozen in space-time. Both waves are spatially and temporally coherent at the moment of creation, then separated into an object wave and reference wave. The object wave is directed towards the object and experiences intensity changes and phase-shifts upon illuminating the object. Normal 2-D photographs record only the intensity changes of the object wave and do not record the phase-shifts. However, when the reference wave is directed back towards and recombined with the object bearing wave, an interference pattern is created that records the phase-shifts of the object wave relative to the reference wave. These phase-shifts are what produce the apparent freezing in space-time of the object's 3-D image.
    The question remains: how is the quantum holographic pattern recorded with the DelaWarr system? Standard holography requires a reference wave be redirected towards the object radiation wave. For a quantum hologram to exist requires the pcar condition, that is quantum entanglement/coherence, with its emitting object. (reference). The pcar requirement causes the quantum hologram to also be a self referencing system with its emitting object (reference other paper this conference). By observing the test object and using the control panel of the DelaWarr system, the operator places himself and the system in resonance with the test object and the subject. Thus, with the DelaWarr system, the reference wave originates from the directed intention of the camera operator which forces quantum entanglement/coherence of the complete system.
Appendix I.  A Summary of the Operation of the DaLaWarr Camera
    The Camera consists of 4 major "boxes" mounted on a plinth which contains a vibrator driven by a 220 volt supply. The vibrator is turned on during the time the Cassette is inserted into the Light Tight Box which is mounted superior to the other three specimen and tuning boxes. The Cassette contains the unexposed film or photographic plate(as in the original silver emulsion plates). The film is "exposed" in total darkness. There are focussing devices inside the top box which "direct" the information/energy towards the plate or film. The three other boxes are mounted beneath the top box and two of them contain specimen plates, magnetic tuning devices and radionic dials (to specify the information "codes"). The boxes also contain various types of focussing devices.
The technique requires that the photographic medium (film or plate) be "sensitized" briefly in the dark room (no half light is permitted at this stage) before being placed in the light tight Cassette. When this is done the Cassette is inserted through a slot in the bottom of the top box where it is "exposed" to the information being sought by the operator.
    After the Cassette is withdrawn it is taken to the darkroom and development of the film or plate proceeds normally.
     Before the Cassette is loaded the operator(s) place an appropriate specimen on the plate(s) of one of the 2 tuning boxes beneath the Light Tight Box. The box dials are then "tuned" directly to the information being sought--eg., Myocadial Infarction or Tuberculosis etc, etc.
The individual doing the plate sensitization is not necessarily the same person operating the camera. The camera will not produce an image if the condition etc is not specified precisely.  A good example of this occurred years ago when a patient was suspected of having carcinoma in his jaw. The camera would not produce any image until the code was reset for Osteomyelitis at which point the image was produced.
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